unaligned.c - a small wrapper for debugging unaligned memory accesses

This program is for debugging unaligned traps on risc architectures. Simply run your program as unaligned myprog myargs and it will run your program, stopping you in gdb at the line where the unaligned trap occurs. Get the text of this program here

#include <errno.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#ifndef __linux__
#include <sys/sysinfo.h>
#include <asm/sysinfo.h>
#include <asm/unistd.h>

static int setsysinfo(unsigned long op, void *buffer, unsigned long size,
                      int *start, void *arg, unsigned long flag)
  syscall(__NR_osf_setsysinfo, op, buffer, size, start, arg, flag);

static void usage(void)
"usage: unaligned  <command-path> [command-args...]\n\n"
"  This program is designed to assist debugging of\n"
"  unaligned traps by running the program in gdb\n"
"  and causing it to get SIGBUS when it encounters\n"
"  an unaligned trap.\n\n"
"  It is free software written by Sean Hunter <sean@uncarved.co.uk>\n"
"  based on code by Richard Henderson and Andrew Morgan.  It is provided\n"
"  under the gnu public license without warrantees of any kind.\n\n");


void trap_unaligned(void)
  unsigned int buf[2];
  buf[0] = SSIN_UACPROC;
  setsysinfo(SSI_NVPAIRS, buf, 1, 0, 0, 0);


int main(int argc, char **argv)
    char* tmp_filename;
    char* my_debugger = "/usr/bin/gdb";
    FILE* tmp_file;
    int curr_arg;

    /* check that we have at least 1 argument */
    if (argc < 2) {


    if (argc > 2) {
        /* add the extra args to a file to pass to gdb */
        tmp_filename = tmpnam(NULL);
        tmp_file = fopen(tmp_filename, "w+");
        if (!tmp_file) {
            fprintf(stderr, "Unable to create temp file %s reason: %s\n",

        fprintf(tmp_file, "file %s\n", argv[1]);
        fprintf(tmp_file, "set args");
        for(curr_arg = 2; curr_arg < argc; curr_arg++) {
            fprintf(tmp_file, " %s", argv[curr_arg]);
        fprintf(tmp_file, "\n");
        fprintf(tmp_file, "run\n");

        printf("Extra arguments passed to gdb in file %s.\n"
               "Be sure to delete it when you're done.\n\n",

        execlp(my_debugger, argv[1], "-x", tmp_filename, NULL);

    else {
        execlp(my_debugger, argv[1], NULL);

    /* if we fall through to here, our exec failed -- announce the fact */
    fprintf(stderr, "Unable to execute command: %s\n", strerror(errno));



/* use gcc unaligned.c -o unaliged to compile.  Add -DNOAUTORUN if you
don't want gdb to automatically run the program */